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Narayani Coming to Madrid

by Wes | Monday November 15, '10 at 03:02 PM

Tags: Narayani workshop Hatha yoga amari

Yoga Congress

Narayani at Yoga CongressI told you that I just got back from the International Yoga Congress, but I forgot to mention that I met a lot of old friends from my years as a swami. I felt a special warmth throughout my being to be there with so many long time friends and gurubhais. Sukadev aka Volker Bretz, the director of Yoga-Vidya was a fellow swami when we both served Swami Vishnuji. I have a great respect for Sukadev and more so for his humility in spite of his outstanding achievements of creating the largest Yoga organization in Europe with an Ashram capapble of accomodating comfortably close to 1000 people.

Narayani

Narayani was also there. She arrived from her recent programs in the USA with her daughter Amari. Narayani gave a very inspiring talk full of beautiful mystical Sufi poetry, life lessons and of course the next day she gave a joyful yoga class to hundreds of attendees from all over Europe.

In Madrid

I reminded Narayani I will be seeing her at her upcoming weekend program November 19, 20, 21 in Madrid. I am sure you won't to miss it either. Narayani becomes more and more a voice of loving kindness and inspiration. She always touches my heart.

International Yoga Congress

by Wes | Monday November 15, '10 at 12:49 PM

Tags: International yoga Congress psychology change meaning-making

Lots of Yogis

I just got back from the International Yoga Congress in Germany. It was held at Yoga-Vidya headquarters in the spa resort town of Bad-Meinberg. There were over 600 people attending. Yoga personalities from most European countries and the USA came to contribute a lecture and workshop.

I decided to offer my views on how contemporary Psychology can complement and enhance what many practitioners of Yoga want to achieve - personal change and well being.

Yoga-Vidya Shanti Project

My Workshop

My workshop was on how we can make changes in ourselves in spite of our own usually unconscious resistance to changes. I was happy to see that many of those attending the workshop gained new insight into their own resistance to change. I didn't have the time to assist the workshop participants with their practical change process. Many asked me afterwards if i could come back and give a longer set of workshops on "How to overcome our immunity to Change". However for now, I hope, many will continue the process on their own.

Many were mothers or fathers who wanted to change the way they communicated with their children. This was very close to home for me. I have also faced this particular personal change challenge. i wish them big success.

My Lecture

My lecture was on Positive Psychology and what it may contribute to the Yoga community. I told everyone that Swami Vishnuji always made fun of psychology. He repeated a 1000 times the joke: "A neurotic builds castles in the air. A psychotic lives in them. A psychiatrist collects the rent." I got a lot of laughs.

My challenge was to show that these mindsets which are apparently contradictory, are just different filters of reality. No single worldview is sufficient. Psychology is a resource that can be a gold mine for those Yogis who want to understand and accept themselves better while learning how to live a fuller life.

Health Benefits of Regular Yoga Practice

by Wes | Saturday May 22, '10 at 11:15 AM

Tags: chronic stress inflammation yoga psychosomatic medicine Hatha

Chronic Stress

Chronic stress causes damage on a cellular level to the body. Such prolonged stress leads to cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke, osteoporosis, diabetes and frailty. Feelings of being overwhelmed by our circumstances contributes to physical effects such as stress-induced chronic inflammation - the result of an immune system in a constant state of high alert.

Research on Hatha Yoga and Stress in Women

Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser, PhD has researched how chronic stress harms the body.  Her investigations have led her to look into the mechanisms underlying Hatha Yoga potential stress-reduction benefits. She has compared inflammatory and endocrine responses of novice and expert female Yoga practitioners before, during, and after a Hatha Yoga class. She found that a Hatha Yoga class boosted students' positive emotions, but there was no overall difference in inflammatory or endocrine responses as a result of the Yoga class.

Hatha Yoga Practice

Regular Practice of Yoga

But Dr. Kiecolt-Glaser found that Yoga experts had 40% less serum interleukin(IL)-6 levels than novices following a stressful experience. She concludes,in the Journal "Psychosomatic Medicine" March 2010

"The ability to minimize inflammatory responses to stressful encounters influences the burden that stressors place on an individual. If Yoga dampens or limits stress-related changes, then regular practice could have substantial health benefits."

Pregnancy and Depression

by Wes | Tuesday March 02, '10 at 12:51 PM

Tags: pregnancy depression acupuncture yoga health

1 in 4 depressed during pregnancy

Pregnancy and YogaAbout 1 in 4 women get depressed during pregnancy and many are afrtaid to take any antidepressant medication. Now it seems that acupuncture can help even though it does not help with normal depression.

A recent study

controlled study conducted by Stanford University on 150 depressed pregnant women tested the effect of acupuncture specific for depressive symptoms compared to acupuncture in general and to massage.

Alternatives

After 2 months, the benefits of depression specific acupunture were significant compared to the controls. Because the results were as effective as medication, it means that women do not have to just rely on drugs to alleviate their pregnancy depression.

Many women find Yoga practice helps them feel good during pregnancy; however, I do not know of any empirical data as of yet to back up my anecdotal observations.

Exercise fuels the brain's stress buffers

by Wes | Sunday January 24, '10 at 10:07 PM

Tags: stress Exercise yoga Brain norepinepherine

The article below is excerpted from the American Psychological Association help center. I thought you might find it interesting to learn directly what the psychology profession believes about the positive impact of exercise on stress.

Exercise fuels the brain's stress buffers

Exercise may improve mental health by helping the brain cope better with stress, according to research into the effect of exercise on neurochemicals involved in the body's stress response.

Preliminary evidence suggests that physically active people have lower rates of anxiety and depression than sedentary people. But little work has focused on why that should be. So to determine how exercise might bring about its mental health benefits, some researchers are looking at possible links between exercise and brain chemicals associated with stress, anxiety, and depression.

So far there's little evidence for the popular theory that exercise causes a rush of endorphins. Rather, one line of research points to the less familiar neuromodulator norepinephrine, which may help the brain deal with stress more efficiently.

Work in animals since the late 1980s has found that exercise increases brain concentrations of norepinephrine in brain regions involved in the body's stress response.

Norepinephrine is particularly interesting to researchers because 50 percent of the brain's supply is produced in the locus coeruleus, a brain area that connects most of the brain regions involved in emotional and stress responses. The chemical is thought to play a major role in modulating the action of other, more prevalent neurotransmitters that play a direct role in the stress response. And although researchers are unsure of exactly how most antidepressants work, they know that some increase brain concentrations of norepinephrine.

But some psychologists don't think it's a simple matter of more norepinephrine equals less stress and anxiety and therefore less depression. Instead, they think exercise thwarts depression and anxiety by enhancing the body's ability to respond to stress.

Biologically, exercise seems to give the body a chance to practice dealing with stress. It forces the body's physiological systems - all of which are involved in the stress response - to communicate much more closely than usual: The cardiovascular system communicates with the renal system, which communicates with the muscular system. And all of these are controlled by the central and sympathetic nervous systems, which also must communicate with each other. This workout of the body's communication system may be the true value of exercise; the more sedentary we get, the less efficient our bodies in responding to stress.

Thanks to Rod K. Dishman, PhD, of the University of Georgia, and Mark Sothmann, PhD, of Indiana University's School of Medicine and School of Allied Health Sciences.

Early release for Indian prisoners who do Yoga

by Wes | Friday January 22, '10 at 11:35 AM

Tags: yoga prisoners jail anger stress aggression

GwaliorFort

Yoga for Prisoners

Prisoners in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh  who attend Yoga classes will be freed early because it is believed that the Yoga practice improves self-control and lessens aggression according to New Delhi AFP yesterday.

Yoga Controls Anger

For every three months spent doing Hatha Yoga a prisoner will get 15 days off their sentence, said the inspector general of prisons.
"Yoga is good for maintaining fitness, calming the behaviour, controlling anger and reducing stress," said Sanjay Mane.
"When a prisoner attends yoga sessions and fulfils some other conditions, he will be considered for a remission if his jail superintendent recommends his case."

Pilot Programme

Apparently 400 prisoners are in the pilot programme at Gwalior city jail.

How your Flexibility affects your Arteries

by Wes | Monday December 28, '09 at 01:40 PM

Tags: arteries flexibility heart attacks health yoga Asanas

"Happy New Year Heart Attack"

Heart attacks are more common during the winter months than in any other season. A study of death certificates published in Circulation in 2004, confirmed the association of heart-attack deaths during the winter. The results were referred to as “The ‘Merry Christmas Coronary’ and ‘Happy New Year Heart Attack’ Phenomenon.”

Paschimotanasana Test of Your Arteries

Why heart-attack deaths surge during the winter holidays is not clear, but cardiologists have some informed guesses. A new study published in the journal Heart and Circulatory Physiology suggests, that there may be a way to test at least one element of your heart’s health right in your own home, right now. Sit on the floor with your legs out in front. Bend from the hips. Can you touch your toes? If you can, then your cardiac arteries are probably flexible.Paschimotasana with help

The study recruited 526 healthy adults between the ages of 20 and 83 and had them perform the forward bend test described above, and measured their extensions precisely. Researchers sorted the subjects into either the high-flexibility group or the poor-flexibility group.

Next, researchers estimated how flexible their arteries were. Supple arteries let the blood move freely. Stiff arteries make your heart work harder and over time could lead to a greater risk for heart attack and stroke, according to researchers at North Texas University.

Correlation if over 40

The researchers found a correlation between inflexible bodies and inflexible arteries in subjects older than 40. Adults with poor forward bends tended to have arterial stiffness. The study concluded that “a less flexible body indicates arterial stiffening, especially in middle-aged and older adults.” This correlation was not found in those under 40.

Arterial stiffening does not necessarily lead to arterial disease, Mr. Yamamoto says. Some arterial stiffening is inevitable with age; but the stiffer your arteries, the less efficient your heart is. Mr. Yamamoto says, that alterations in the composition of muscle tissues in the lower back could be occurring in the arterial walls at the same time.

Good News

The good news is that increasing your flexibility might somehow loosen up your arteries. That was the unreplicated finding of a small study at the University of Texas at Austin in 2008. The study examined whether weight lifting increased arterial stiffness. (It didn’t). The control group stretched. They were not expected to change cardiac function, but over the course of 3 months they increased the flexibility of their arteries by about 20 percent.

Mr. Yamamoto and his researchers are conducting a large study to determine how stretching affects the arteries. Until the results are in, Mr. Yamamoto says, it’s best to consider your flexibility as a probable indication of your arterial elasticity. “If you can touch your toes in the sit-and-reach test, your flexibility is good,” he says. Tight arteries are not necessarily diseased arteries; they’re just not fit.

Yoga

For those of you who practice Yoga regularly it seems I have just found another reason for you to keep it up. If you are new to Yoga now is a good time to start.

Yoga: Spiritual or not?

by Wes | Tuesday December 08, '09 at 11:41 AM

Tags: yoga Spiritual Asanas salvation materialistic monism moksa

A Provocative Comment

The other day in a workshop a student commented that she had not practiced Yoga for the past dozen years, but rather that she had done stretching. I knew this student for many years and was curious to know what she meant exactly. I thought she had been practicing Yoga.

The Spiritual Part

As she began to explain I realized that she meant that by simply doing asana classes she had not practiced meditation nor been introduced to the spiritual aspects of the tradition.

a night sky full of galaxies -el

A Salvific Path

I was very grateful for this reminder that Yoga is and was, at least in India, a spirtitual practice. We often forget that the roots of Yoga, especially Jñana Yoga, Raja Yoga and Bhakti Yoga,  are spiriiual or religious practices meant to lead to spiritual realization (moksa) or enlightenment.

Our point of View

I have lived and studied the ancient and modern traditions of Yoga for most of my life. The subject is vast and diverse. Many in the West have separated Yoga from its religious roots and simply focused on the body and the asana practice, holding the belief that the body is the source of all experience - modern materialistic monism. That is OK. However, we must respect that many seek existential comfort and support from the spiritual (metaphysical) tradition of Yoga. Each student has their own beliefs and motives for pursuing the Yoga practice. This is the fascinating paradox of this practice in the contemporary world. Those who perform the same Hatha Yoga may do so from diametrically opposed points of view.

Does Exercise Improve Cognition ?

by Wes | Tuesday December 01, '09 at 12:06 PM

Tags: Aerobics Exercise Brain Cognition Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga Power yoga health

Exercise changes the Brain

It has been known for a long time that exercise changes the structure of the brain and affects thinking. A groundbreaking finding was published ten years ago by scientists at the Salk Institute in California showing that exercise stimulates the creation of new brain cells. But there are still some important questions to resolve, like whether exercise should be strenuous to create new brain cells. What about weight lifting? Should it be aerobic?  Are the cognitive improvements temporary or permanent?

human brain mri scans-cerebro humano

What Exercise makes you Smarter?

The American College of Sports Medicine, studied 21 students at the University of Illinois to see how well they could memorize a string of letters and then pick them out from a list flashed at them. Immediately afterwards they were asked to perform one of three things for 30 minutes —run on a treadmill, lift weights or sit quietly, — before doing the letter test again. After a 30-minute cool down, they were tested once again. A few days afterwards, the students came back to try the other two options. The students were much quicker and more accurate after they ran than with the other two options, and they performed better when tested after the cool down. “There seems to be something different about aerobic exercise,” says Charles Hillman, an associate professor in the department of kinesiology at the University of Illinois and an author of the study..

Brisk walking or Stretching?

Similarly, in studies with elderly people, performed by scientists at the University of Illinois, assigned a six-month program of either stretching exercises or brisk walking. Those who did the  stretching improved their flexibility but did not improve on tests of cognition. Those who practiced brisk walking did.

Pattabji Jois teaching Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga

Why Does the Exercise need to be Strenuous?

Why does exercise need to be aerobic to improve brain function? “It appears that various growth factors must be carried from the periphery of the body into the brain to start a molecular cascade there,” so that new neurons and brain connections are created, says Henriette van Praag, an investigator in the Laboratory of Neurosciences at the National Institute on Aging. To create new brain cells, “you need a fairly dramatic change in blood flow,” like what happens when you run, cycle or swim. Weight lifting, produces “growth factors in the muscles that stay in the muscles and aren’t transported to the brain,” van Praag says.

Conclusions

The current research findings suggest that,  “It would be fair to say that any form of regular exercise should be able to maintain or even increase our brain functions [if ii is aerobic].” says Chauying J. Jen, a professor of physiology at National Cheng Kung University, in Taiwan.. What we need to keep in mind is that there are many kinds of exercise and their effects may be quite different. As we become better informed we can choose our own combination of exercise practices - aerobics, Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga of Pattabhi Jois, Power Yoga, Vinyasa Yoga, swimming. tennis etc., each type for its specific contribution to health and wellbeing.

See Gretchen Reynolds in the New York Times, 16/09/2009.

Does Exercise Improve Cognition ?

by Wes | Tuesday December 01, '09 at 12:06 PM

Tags: Aerobics Exercise Brain Cognition Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga Power yoga health

Exercise changes the Brain

It has been known for a long time that exercise changes the structure of the brain and affects thinking. A groundbreaking finding was published ten years ago by scientists at the Salk Institute in California showing that exercise stimulates the creation of new brain cells. But there are still some important questions to resolve, like whether exercise should be strenuous to create new brain cells. What about weight lifting? Should it be aerobic?  Are the cognitive improvements temporary or permanent?

human brain mri scans-cerebro humano

What Exercise makes you Smarter?

The American College of Sports Medicine, studied 21 students at the University of Illinois to see how well they could memorize a string of letters and then pick them out from a list flashed at them. Immediately afterwards they were asked to perform one of three things for 30 minutes —run on a treadmill, lift weights or sit quietly, — before doing the letter test again. After a 30-minute cool down, they were tested once again. A few days afterwards, the students came back to try the other two options. The students were much quicker and more accurate after they ran than with the other two options, and they performed better when tested after the cool down. “There seems to be something different about aerobic exercise,” says Charles Hillman, an associate professor in the department of kinesiology at the University of Illinois and an author of the study..

Brisk walking or Stretching?

Similarly, in studies with elderly people, performed by scientists at the University of Illinois, assigned a six-month program of either stretching exercises or brisk walking. Those who did the  stretching improved their flexibility but did not improve on tests of cognition. Those who practiced brisk walking did.

Pattabji Jois teaching Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga

Why Does the Exercise need to be Strenuous?

Why does exercise need to be aerobic to improve brain function? “It appears that various growth factors must be carried from the periphery of the body into the brain to start a molecular cascade there,” so that new neurons and brain connections are created, says Henriette van Praag, an investigator in the Laboratory of Neurosciences at the National Institute on Aging. To create new brain cells, “you need a fairly dramatic change in blood flow,” like what happens when you run, cycle or swim. Weight lifting, produces “growth factors in the muscles that stay in the muscles and aren’t transported to the brain,” van Praag says.

Conclusions

The current research findings suggest that,  “It would be fair to say that any form of regular exercise should be able to maintain or even increase our brain functions [if ii is aerobic].” says Chauying J. Jen, a professor of physiology at National Cheng Kung University, in Taiwan.. What we need to keep in mind is that there are many kinds of exercise and their effects may be quite different. As we become better informed we can choose our own combination of exercise practices - aerobics, Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga of Pattabhi Jois, Power Yoga, Vinyasa Yoga, swimming. tennis etc., each type for its specific contribution to health and wellbeing.

See Gretchen Reynolds in the New York Times, 16/09/2009.

Yoga and Psychotherapy

by Wes | Monday November 30, '09 at 10:59 AM

Tags: yoga and Psychotherapy Freudianism American Psychological Association health

Psychology and Yoga

therapy session-sesion de terapiaI have used psychotherpay techniques with Yoga students and many different Yoga techniques with psychotherapy clients over the past 16 years or longer. As both practices are concerned with improving individual quality of life and personal happiness and fullfilment, I see no conflict between the two.

 

Sigmund FreudFreudianism

Yoga and Freudianism were not the best of friends; but,  more recent research suggests that we are not trapped by the past. We keep developing and changing with time. Our current understanding supports the possibility of personal growth and development.

American Psychological Association

The American Psychological Association has published a review of some favourable studies of Yoga used in psychotherapy. So slowly divergent world views start coming closer together. Each informs the other. "The evidence is showing that Yoga really helps change people at every level," says Stanford University health psychologist and Yoga instructor Kelly McGonigal, PhD. I have quoted from their article on my web page.

Our approach to teaching Hatha Yoga

by Wes | Friday November 27, '09 at 07:05 PM

Tags: Hatha anatomical injuries Bikram yoga adjustments thermal stress health

Much of Hatha Yoga is improperly taught

So many of our new students arrive poorly taught. No one has adequately corrected their asana practice. Over the years we had found that many students suffered unnecessary discomforts and micro injuries as a result of poor instruction. Simple practices such as the sun salutations if taught improperly can result in back ache and eventual injury.

Anatomically adjusted PracticeRembrandt's Anatomy lecture

We chose to provide an informed teaching of the yoga postures in our Hatha Yoga classes. For this reason we made anatomically informed asana pratice an integral part of our Hatha Yoga teacher training programmes.  We insist that our students learn an anatomically corrected yoga practice and all of our teachers are instructed how to detect a poor practice and the ways to correct it. Each student is unique. Her body has particular capabilies and limitations that must be considered when teaching Hatha Yoga. One generic practice routine is insufficient and will usually result in some students suffering unnecessarily.

heat exhaustion

What about room Temperature

Some of our students who have tried Bikram Yoga ask us about the best temperature for Yoga practice. Generally speaking a comfortable range between 20º - 25º C. is fine. The body stretches better as its muscles warm up with effort. Of course, what you find most comfortable will be quite personal.

Isn't 40º or 50º better?

Not really according to research on physical performance at Life Fitness, above a certain temperature the human body experiences thermal stress.

"Exercise can be safely performed on warm - and even hot - days. Certain precautions should be taken, however, including wearing proper attire, performing a sufficient warm-up and cooldown, ensuring adequate fluid intake and reducing the intensity or duration of workouts on extremely hot and humid days."
Robert Girandola, Ph.D.

 

'Yoga Center' Madrid Launches its Blog

by Wes | Friday November 27, '09 at 07:03 PM

Tags: yoga Blog Web health spirituality

Launching our Blog of Yoga & Health

I am proud to announce that we have finally launched our very own blog. As I headed our founders page with Heraclitus' wise words -"You can not step into the same river twice", I want to say that we at 'Yoga Center' Madrid are now stepping into a 'new waters' with our blog.spyglass

Bilingual Yoga Blog

I am launching it in two languages, Spanish and English, not only to keep you all better informed of the what is happening in the international community of Yoga, health, well being and spirituality; but, also because I can write to you more openly and freely in English and I believe that I can contribute much more if you let me speak to you in English as well as Castellano.

The Yoga Movement

I propose to share with you my opinions about Yoga, its practices, teachings and traditions. I hope sometimes to surprise you and perhaps challenge some of your favourite myths.

The Yoga community started out as a counter-cultural movement, that claimed to be above dogmatism, prejudice, exploitation and excessive consumption. It had faith in individual transformation and development, personal discipline and altruism. If, as we enter the 21st century, we don't stand up for our form of ethical humanism then we will have failed our original mission to assist in bringing global peace and universal brotherhood a bit closer for all.

I will share with you many of my personal interests and pet peeves related to our global predicament and the modern assaults against humanism.

Senior Teachers

Some of our senior teachers will also be blogging their experiences regarding teaching and practicing Yoga. Look for their blogs in the coming weeks. I have also invi¡ted important teachers and Swamis from around the world to participate.

'Yoga Center' Madrid Web Dialogue

I hope that you enjoy this web conversation. As the beginning of a new adventure, I look forward to discovering more about what Yoga and holistic health mean to you.

Yoga-Center-Madrid-meditation_Ganesha
August: Yoga in Aldeaduero

August: Yoga in Aldeaduero

Explore your favourite forms of Yoga this summer.

Vicente Merlo 4-7 Aug.

Vicente Merlo 4-7 Aug.

"Meditation - Hinduism and Buddhism " a theoretical and practical approach.

Mindfulness Retreat 9-14 Aug

Mindfulness Retreat 9-14 Aug

August 9-14 in Aldeaduero. Reduce your stress, improve your wellbeing.

John Claxton 9 - 14 Aug.

John Claxton 9 - 14 Aug.

The Quest for Clarity with John Claxton in Aldeaduero.

Advanced Diploma 13 - 24 Aug.

Advanced Diploma 13 - 24 Aug.

Advanced Diploma Hatha Course in Aldeaduero August 13 - 24.

Ashtanga Course 3-14 Aug.

Ashtanga Course 3-14 Aug.

Ashtanga Training based on Shri Pattabhi Jois.

Yoga-Pilates Flow 4- 9 Aug.

Yoga-Pilates Flow 4- 9 Aug.

A workshop of comprehensive Pilates Fusion with the ancient art of Yoga.

Yoga Iyengar* 1 - Aldeaduero

Yoga Iyengar* 1 - Aldeaduero

August 4 - 9. • Precision • Alignment • Intensity • Adaptability

Meditation Instructor 12 - 23

Meditation Instructor 12 - 23

The course is for you if want to teach meditation. 12 - 23 August in Aldeaduero

Mira Metha 11-12 Oct.

Mira Metha 11-12 Oct.

Leading expert on Yoga, rounded proficiency in philosophy, postures, Yoga therapy and teacher training.

August: Yoga in Aldeaduero

August: Yoga in Aldeaduero

Explore your favourite forms of Yoga this summer.

Ashtanga Course 3-14 Aug.

Ashtanga Course 3-14 Aug.

Ashtanga Training based on Shri Pattabhi Jois.

Vicente Merlo 4-7 Aug.

Vicente Merlo 4-7 Aug.

"Meditation - Hinduism and Buddhism " a theoretical and practical approach.

Yoga-Pilates Flow 4- 9 Aug.

Yoga-Pilates Flow 4- 9 Aug.

A workshop of comprehensive Pilates Fusion with the ancient art of Yoga.

Mindfulness Retreat 9-14 Aug

Mindfulness Retreat 9-14 Aug

August 9-14 in Aldeaduero. Reduce your stress, improve your wellbeing.

Yoga Iyengar* 1 - Aldeaduero

Yoga Iyengar* 1 - Aldeaduero

August 4 - 9. • Precision • Alignment • Intensity • Adaptability

John Claxton 9 - 14 Aug.

John Claxton 9 - 14 Aug.

The Quest for Clarity with John Claxton in Aldeaduero.

Meditation Instructor 12 - 23

Meditation Instructor 12 - 23

The course is for you if want to teach meditation. 12 - 23 August in Aldeaduero

Advanced Diploma 13 - 24 Aug.

Advanced Diploma 13 - 24 Aug.

Advanced Diploma Hatha Course in Aldeaduero August 13 - 24.

Mira Metha 11-12 Oct.

Mira Metha 11-12 Oct.

Leading expert on Yoga, rounded proficiency in philosophy, postures, Yoga therapy and teacher training.